France is generally considered to be one of the most important wine-growing regions in the world in terms of both quality and quantity. It is also one of the oldest. The balanced climate, the different soil conditions and, not least, French culture itself, ensure a variety of types and the very best quality - from fine fruity, aromatic white wines to full-bodied, bold red wines. Over 70% of French vineyards are used to grow red grape varieties. Merlot is currently the most-grown wine in France; followed by another red variety Grenache. The white grape variety Ugni Blanc is the third most-grown wine in France; however it is used to provide the majority of the base wine for Cognac production. The headquarters of the International Organisation of Vine and Wine, which currently has 44 member states, is of course located in Paris - and where else could it be?!